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The Yamuna River

 The Yamuna River


The Yamuna River is one of the most important rivers of northern India. The river is also known as 'Jamuna'. Many ancient pieces of evidence state that the Yamuna River was a tributary of the Ghaggar River in the past, but over time this river changed its course. The river has great significance in Indian mythology.




Geology of Yamuna River

The geology of the Yamuna River is related to the sediment analysis in the river and is known by the deposition of silt in the river. 

The sediments collected from Delhi and Agra urban centers were examined through atomic adsorption spectrometry to know their concentration and distribution in the river. About nine heavy metals were found and a variety of their compositions investigated.


Geography of Yamuna River

The geography of the Yamuna River is related to the characteristics of the Yamuna River. The length of this river is about 1,376 km. It is the longest and second largest tributary of the Ganges. Indian cities such as Mathura, Noida, Hamirpur, Allahabad, Baghpat, Delhi, Etawah, Kalpi, and Agra are located on the banks of the Yamuna River.


Origin of Yamuna River

The origin of the Yamuna River is believed to be in the Western Himalaya mountain range. More specifically, the river begins its journey from the Yamunotri Glacier on the south western slopes of the Bandarpoch peaks in Uttarakhand in the northern region of Haridwar, at an altitude of about 6387 meters above sea level.


Yamuna River Flow

The flow of the Yamuna River is related to the river's journey in India. The river originally flows south and then south-east and runs parallel to the west of the Ganges. 


Specifically, it flows through the Himalayan Mountains in the plains of northern India and through a series of valleys for about 200 km along the border of the two Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Haryana. The Yamuna passes through Delhi before merging with the Ganges at Prayagraj.


Tributaries of Yamuna River

There are many tributaries of the Yamuna River. Tons River, Betwa River, Chambal River, Ken River, and Sindh River are the major tributaries of Yamuna River. Tons River is the largest tributary of Yamuna River. The Yamuna River after receiving water from all the major tributaries unites with the Ganges River. It also merges with the underground Saraswati river at Prayagraj.


Wildlife and Surroundings of Yamuna River

Wildlife and Surroundings of Yamuna River The Yamuna River region has species and a serene area of ​​river greenery respectively. The river environment is abundant in wildlife. There is a rare collection of Asian elephants in the boundary line of Yamuna River.


Religious Significance of Yamuna River


The religious significance of the Yamuna River is due to its association with the gods and goddesses of India. Goddess of Yamuna River, also known as Devi Yami, who is the daughter of Surya or Sun God and sister of Lord Yama, the god of death. It is also believed that Lord Krishna blessed the river when Vasudeva was crossing it with the child Lord Krishna.


 When the child fell into the river, the lotus feet of Krishna sanctified the river at once. Yamunotri, the source of the river Yamuna is the place of Goddess Yamuna. This place is considered one of the four places of Char Dham Yatra in India. There is a temple dedicated to Goddess Yamuna, which is closed from November to May. At Hanuman Chatti, the Hanuman Ganga joins the Yamuna River. 


According to various legends, this remote hill station was the home of Asit Muni, an ancient sage of India. Triveni Sangam is the meeting point of 3 famous rivers of India namely river Ganga, river Yamuna and river Saraswati near Allahabad. This place has become a famous pilgrimage site in India. According to popular beliefs, people who take a dip in the holy waters of river Yamuna are not surrounded by death or fear.


Importance of Yamuna River

The importance of the river Yamuna has been enhanced by several canals. Through these canals, the vast tract of India comes under irrigation. Thus, the river Yamuna has an important role in agriculture in India. Apart from irrigation, the Yamuna River has other utilities as well. The cities which are situated on its bank extract a huge amount of water for many uses such as industrial use.


Pollution and Conservation of Yamuna River


Pollution and conservation of the Yamuna river is related to the deterioration of the river due to discharge of pollutants and the works done for its restoration respectively.


 The river is particularly polluted near New Delhi. A large percentage of the city's waste is dumped in the river. However, many efforts have been made by the Government of India to clean this river. One such effort is the Yamuna Action Plan.